Independent and impartial observation of elections
Independent and impartial observation of elections is, according to Law # 30-11 on the terms and conditions of the independent and impartial observation, any action aiming at monitoring the electoral process, gathering related data and information, objectively and impartially, and assessing election conditions and to what extent they comply with the constitutional provisions, laws and regulations, and international standards governing elections. Accredited organizations draw up reports, which include observations and possible recommendations that will be referred to the relevant authorities.
Who can observe elections?
- National institutions mandated by law to observe elections;
- Active civil society organizations recognized for the professional advocating for human rights and the promotion of citizenship and democracy values, legally established and operating in accordance with their statutes;
- International non-governmental organizations interested in election observation legally-established following their national laws and recognized for their independence and objectivity.
How to obtain accreditation?
To obtain accreditation, eligible organizations must apply for accreditation, through their legal representative, to the Special Commission for the Accreditation of Election Observers. They must fill in the application form available on the website and send it to the Commission with the other required documents within the deadline.
Applications by foreign non-governmental organizations must be submitted to the Special Commission by their legal representative through the National Human Rights Council.
What are the requirements/criteria for accreditation?
Moroccan observers must :
- Not be candidates in any current electoral districts;
- Be registered on the electoral lists.
What are the rights of election observers?
Accredited observers have the right to:
- Circulate freely throughout the national territory to carry out the observation mission for which he/she is accredited;
- Obtain information on the conduct of the electoral process for which he/she is accredited, with the possibility to meet or discuss with those involved in it; · Attend demonstrations and public gatherings organized as part of election campaigns;
- Attend demonstrations and public gatherings organized as part of election campaigns;
- Access to the polling stations, central polling stations and counting commission to observe and monitor polling, vote counting and announcement of results;
- Communicate with public and private media after the announcement of the election results;
- Hold meetings with all stakeholders in the electoral process to discuss the findings of their actions and their recommendations in this regard, during the elaboration of his/her report;
- Draw up evaluation reports on the electoral process and its results and submit them to the accredited organization and the Commission.
What are the duties of election observers?
Accredited observers must:
- Respect the sovereignty of the State, its institutions, authorities, laws and regulations and international human rights standards;
- Respect public order in polling stations and during public gatherings and demonstrations organized as part of the election campaigns;
- Present their accreditation cards to public authorities and the heads of polling stations whenever asked to do so, and always wear their accreditation badges;
- Abide by objectivity, independence, integrity, neutrality, impartiality and non-alignment in monitoring the elections and in assessing their results;
- Refrain from interfering in the electoral process, respect the secrecy of the vote, and never influence the free choice of voters;
- Refrain from issuing any statement, communication, comment or declaration to the written, audio-visual or electronic media before the end of elections and the announcement of final general results.
Accredited organizations finance the costs of their observation missions.
In what cases can an accreditation card be withdrawn?
The observer’s accreditation card and badge can be withdrawn by the Commission and his/her missions are immediately prohibited if the observer fails to comply with the provisions of Article 17 of Law # 30-11 on the observation of elections. (see What are the duties of election observers?).
The decision to withdraw the accreditation card/badge and prohibit any further observation tasks is notified to the observer’s accredited organization. The organization is warned against the need to ensure its observers’ respect for the observation charter and their duties as observers.
When one of the accredited organization’s observers (or more) fails repeatedly to comply with the observers’ duties and the provisions of Article 17 of Law # 30-11, the organization’s accreditation will be immediately withdrawn.